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Measurement and Forecasting Tools

Each type of building generates freight and servicing tasks. Every weekday, approximately one commercial vehicle travels into Sydney CBD for every 20 people living or working inside the city.

In order for urban planners, developers and government to create places for people to live, socialise, shop and interact within the city environment, there needs to be an understanding of the freight task and its role in enabling this environment.

There are a number of ways to measure the activity of freight and servicing vehicles. These include the measurement of on street and off street activity as well as profiling expected demand by usage type through data collection, surveys and analysis. When developing a profile it is important to ensure all movements are captured, whether it is via a loading dock or from the kerb, by a cyclist or a walker and whether vehicles are parked legally or illegally.

Understanding the task

Each type of freight movement and servicing requirement has different operating characteristics. These characteristics need to be considered when planning loading and servicing facilities in buildings and precincts.

Loading facilities designed to accommodate the differing characteristics of freight and service vehicle movements they are likely to generate will help optimise operational efficiencies and, by doing so, minimise potential road network and kerbside impacts.

Freight profiling

Businesses and customers generate a diversity of freight and servicing transport movements that occur every day. Appreciating the array and purpose of different types of transport in use can assist in planning for better city environments.

 
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Courier movements are numerous and service nearly all building types in urban centres every day
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Fresh produce is procured in the early hours of the morning. Small refrigerated vans trucks then make deliveries into retail businesses such as cafés, restaurants and bars to supply our breakfast, lunch and dinners.
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There are approximately 35,000 commercial vehicle trips per day made into Sydney CBD. Vehicle sizes vary – small courier vans are the most common vehicle used in urban areas, with larger rigid and articulated trucks used for deliveries to supermarkets, department stores and construction sites.
 
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Deliveries to supermarkets are typically consolidated at distribution centres on the urban fringe. The largest vehicles possible are then used to deliver to the supermarket, depending on timing and access restrictions at the destination.
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Waste collection is a ubiquitous task demanded by every building and precinct from businesses to public bins. In busy areas, more than one collection may be required each day. Waste operators prefer large trucks as these are generally the most efficient vehicles for the task.
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Construction activity in a city is a major contributor to economic activity. Large construction tasks can require thousands of concrete deliveries to complete the job.
 
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Beer kegs weigh up to 70kg and are difficult to move over longer distances. Pubs and hotels are typically located on street corners, which are often busy intersections.
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Online purchases and home deliveries are a rapidly increasing part of our transport landscape. There is an increasing desire to have items delivered at times convenient to modern lifestyles, which means transport companies may need to make multiple deliveries to the same street or building each day.
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Cash-in-transit refers to the movement of currency and other high-value items to and from banks, financial institutions and other major points of exchange.
 
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Every building and precinct will create a demand for trades and services such as plumbing, electrical work, lock smithing, indoor plant maintenance, cleaning and general maintenance.
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Flowers and other small goods are delivered around the city by bike couriers on a daily basis. Bike couriers have become a fast way to deliver goods and avoid delays caused by congestion.
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Fashion and larger retail deliveries require bigger vehicles to transport larger quantities of goods.
 

Characteristics of freight and servicing movements

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Measuring and understanding freight activity can have its complexities.  In the Toolkit we outline we outline several methods TfNSW and other authorities have used in recent years to measure and assess on and off-street freight activity.

 

Characteristics of freight and servicing movements

 

 

 

Freight forecasting and demand management

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Similar to the type of freight, the quantity and profile of activity must also be considered. Based on freight and servicing measurement practices and the development of building profiles, it is feasible to estimate future demand and plan for customers’ needs in a new building or precinct. Good planning can ensure the facilities and capacity is right.

There are a number of ways to measure the activity of freight and servicing task. These include the measurement of on street and off street activity as well as categorising expected demand by usage type through data collection, surveys and analysis.

 

Characteristics of freight and servicing movements